Charlestown is a one square mile neighborhood in Boston full of history and a long lineage of Irish-American's who settled there after the Great Irish Famine. Home to the Bunker Hill Monument, a key site during the revolutionary war, and the 1977 U.S.S. Constitution warship, it is one of the oldest neighborhoods in the city. Famous individuals including George Washington, Paul Revere and President John F. Kennedy have walked the red brick streets of the historical neighborhood. Orignally called "Mishawaum," it is located on a peninsula north of the Charles River, across from downtown Boston, and also adjoins the Mystic River and Boston Harbor.
Today Charlestown is a largely residential neighborhood. With a population of 16,884, the town is made up of those who were born and raised there, known as 'townies' and young urban professionals who have moved to the city from surrounding suburbs and states. With it's many parks, and waterfront views it is the perfect spot to enjoy a warm summer day. In the winter, locals can be found hanging out at Sullivan's pub or the Warren Tavern. Charlestown is home to many historic sites, hospitals and organizations, with access from the Orange Line Sullivan Square or Community College stops or the I-93 expressway.
Charlestown is a tight-knit community with families who have resided there for generations. As City Councilor, my goal for Charlestown is to ensure all children in the neighborhood recieve a quality education, that all those who were raised in the neighborhood can afford to raise their own families there, and to relieve the town of the traffic congestion brought on by the surrounding areas to make the neighborhood more accessible for all.
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East Boston, nicknamed Eastie, is a neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts with over 40,000 residents. The neighborhood was created by connecting several islands using land fill. It was annexed by Boston in 1836. It is separated from downtown Boston by Boston Harbor and bordered by Winthrop, Revere, and the Chelsea Creek.
In the 1830s, the largest problem keeping East Boston from thriving was transportation. The East Boston Company believed the neighborhood could not become a valuable asset until people had a way to reach the area from the Boston mainland. The steam railroad system was still in its infancy at this point, and the East Boston Company was approached by an inventor of a new type of rail system, the suspension railway. This system was one of the earliest suspended railroads to be built. Henry Sargent, the inventor, stated "that his invention would make the Island a center of attraction to many people." The Company allowed it to be built on its land and it was in use for nine days in 1834, then closed citing lack of ridership. In the mid-1830s, the Company made several investments to further East Boston's development. The Maverick and East Boston ferries began service from Lewis Wharf on the mainland to East Boston. A bridge to Chelsea was built, roads were laid out, and houses were built. Much of this activity was spurred by the formation of the East Boston Lumber Company. During this period, the Boston Sugar Refinery was also founded, which was the first manufacturing establishment in East Boston.
Since the mid-19th century, the community has served as a foothold for immigrants to the United States: Irish and Canadians came first, followed by Russian Jews and Italians, then Southeast Asians, and, most recently, a large influx from Central and South American countries. The Orient Heights section of East Boston was the first area in Massachusetts to which Italians immigrated in the 1860s and 1870s, and today the heart of the Italian community remains in East Boston. The population of East Boston, which was recorded as a mere thousand in 1837, exploded to a high of just over 64,000, according to the 1925 census. The sudden rise is attributed to the immigrants who came from Southern Italy.
From the 1990s into the early millennium, Latin American immigrants settled in East Boston, eventually composing more than fifty percent of the population in the 2010 neighborhood census. In recent years, East Boston has become home to a wave of young professionals seeking residence in Boston in newly renovated condominiums Originally, five islands made up the East Boston neighborhood. To connect to the mainland to the north, fill was mostly used. Logan International Airport is located in East Boston, connecting Boston to domestic and international locations.
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The North End
The North End, also known as Boston's "Little Italy", is a colorful and vibrant community rich in history and culture. This third of a square mile is considered to be Boston's oldest Residential Neighborhood that has been consistently inhabited since the 1630's. Famous and well - noted individuals have all walked along the tiny streets of the North End, including: Paul Revere, Cotton Mather, Tony DeMarco, John F. Fitzgerald and Rose Kennedy.
Though small, the North End still inhabits just over 10,000 residents in it's tightly packed streets and brick buildings. This neighborhood has seen waves of immigrants since its founding in the 1630's starting with a small African American Community between the 17th & 19th Century's. As the African American Community began to move out, a massive wave of Irish Immigrants came and settled in Boston's North end. Later, a small community of Jewish Immigrants settled in the North End. At the end of the 19th Century came a large wave of Italian Immigrants that migrated from Southern Italy and settled in Boston's North End. Since the late 1800's, Italian Immigrants have dominated this neighborhood.
The "old world" ambiance of neighborhood is what draws people from all over the world to the North End today. With nearly 100 different eating and small shop establishments, the North End is one of Boston's economic engines. The North End is also home to the famous Italian Summer Festivals that are held each weekend throughout the summer in honor of different patron saints.
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